no42

... it's better to have good questions

Net-SNMP version 3 and OpenNMS

2023-05-26 3 min read Ronny Trommer
To monitor your systems you rely heavily on SNMP, it gives out of the box a lot of possibilities getting important performance and status information. The main topic security is often not considered. SNMP version 1 and 2c transmit everything in plain text over the wire. There is also no user, password authentication method, just a shared community string which gives access to the information. To address these problems SNMP v3 was introduced. Continue reading

IPv6 prefix delegation with FRITZ!OS 7.50 and Ubiquiti ER-4

2023-02-14 2 min read networking homelab ipv6 Ronny Trommer
I started working remotely in 2010 for OpenNMS as an open-source network monitoring advocate. I have a little home lab with some real hardware that allows me to play on various things without giving me a big surprise bill from a cloud provider at the end of the month. I have a FRITZ!Box 7530 connected to my ISP 1&1. I get native IPv6 and IPv4 connectivity over an IPv4-in-IPv6-Tunnel. As my main router, I have a Ubiquiti ER-4. Continue reading

Running a private container registry for testing

When I signed up for my DockerHub account in 2013, I never thought sooner than later everything ends up in a container image as it is today. DockerHub was the first public free as in free beer registry to distribute your container images. Containers are now everywhere, and DockerHub, a corporate entity running and funding DockerHub, introduced usage limits for the free tier and started commercializing its registry service. I need to play with software in a micro-service architecture on a platform like Kubernetes, and these limits can be daunting. Continue reading

Build pmacct on Mac OSX from source

2023-01-26 1 min read Monitoring Ronny Trommer
I need a way to generate real-world NetFlow data, and pmacct is a great tool that helped me with various things. I couldn’t find a precompiled package so I have compiled it from the source myself. To get it running on my MacBook Pro with Apple Silicon, I had to jump through a few hoops to get it running. Here is a quick guide to making it work for someone else, including my future self :) Continue reading

APT Monitoring with Prometheus

2022-12-24 1 min read Monitoring Ronny Trommer
As soon you run a Linux server, you need to make sure your systems are up-to-date. It would also be handy to know if you had Kernel upgrades which require a reboot of the system to get applied. I came across a blog post from Tom Henderson which provided a solution using the Node_Exporter with Prometheus. The way he solved this is pretty slick. I had to tweak the scripts a bit to get it running. Continue reading

SNMP vs. Prometheus – On The Wire

2022-11-15 4 min read technology Ronny Trommer
I’ve been working with network monitoring tools for a long time. Working with network devices, there is still today a very high probability you have to deal with SNMP. If you work with modern applications or infrastructure, especially in dynamic environments with containers, you will inevitably run into Prometheus and its ecosystem when you need to design and build monitoring solutions. By design, both agents have different goals in mind. The world was very different when SNMP aimed to be “simple” in 1980 as it was for Prometheus in 2012. Continue reading

The biggest concern for any organization should be when their most passionate people become quiet.

Tim McClure

Containers and Capabilities

2022-07-14 5 min read technology Ronny Trommer
I have to work with container images from time to time, and sometimes I need to do networking stuff. Of course, you want to do this as an unprivileged user. Especially when you mix and match with Docker or Kubernetes, it gets sometimes a bit tricky and a lot of people in our community including myself struggled on this part. To document it for my future-self and the ones interested – here is my scenario. Continue reading

A cookbook for a K8s playground

2022-02-11 5 min read technology Ronny Trommer
In my last weeks, I had to work with deployments of OpenNMS with Kubernetes. Instead of spending dollars on cloud providers for my lab, I’ve bought a beefy cheap box for my home network for less than 1.500,-€ about a year ago. It saved me probably already more than I would have spent on similar resources in the cloud for my playgrounds. It has an Intel(R) Core(TM) i9-10880H CPU, 64 GB RAM, and 2 TB SSD which has enough steam to run VMware ESXi on it. Continue reading

ioquake3 in a container

2022-01-06 5 min read technology Games Ronny Trommer
Once upon a time, people had no internet access, or it was very expensive and slow. To have some fun, they spent weekends with their friends and hung out playing games over a local area network. It was so much fun it gained some interest and the space from your friends house was just too small for all the people. Parents and families went crazy and electric bills went through the roof. Continue reading
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